- Continental region – East Africa
- Currency symbol of Tanzania-Tanzanian shilling (TZS)
- Capital City –Dodoma
- Official languages – Swahili and English
- Population – 56.32 million (2018)
- Country dialling code – (+255 )
- Official website – Tanzania
- Top 3 biggest industries –Agriculture, Manufacturing, Mining. …
- Google Maps link –Tanzania
- Where is it? –Tanzania is an East African country known for its vast wilderness areas.
Tanzania In Pictures
- How did the country get its current name? – On 26 April 1964, Tanganyika united with Zanzibar to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar. The country was renamed the United Republic of Tanzania on 29 October of that year. The name is derived from the first three letters of the two states “Tan” and “Zan” and addition of two vowels in the names of the two states which is “i” and “a,” to form Tanzania.
- When and by whom the country was first discovered? – Evidence of farming and fishing indicates human presence at least since 6th century CE, with Greek texts listing market places along the coast. It was also known by travellers and merchants from Western India and the Persian Gulf. In 1498, Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama became the first known European to reach the African Great Lakes coast.
- Who were the first Inhabitants? – 600 B.C. – 400 B.C.: Bantu-speaking peoples move into the area east of Lake Victoria.
- When it was first recognized as a country? – Tanganyika became independent 9 December 1961.
- Who was the first leader of the country? – Julius Kambarage Nyerere.
Five Significant Events
- Maji: Maji 1905-06 – German troops suppress a revolt by the indigenous Maji Maji (https://africanbusinessmagazine.com/region/east-africa/timeline-tanzanias-historical-events/)
- TANU 1954: Julius Nyerere and Oscar Kambona transform the Tanganyika African Association into the Tanganyika African National Union (TANU). (https://africanbusinessmagazine.com/region/east-africa/timeline-tanzanias-historical-events/)
- 1961: Tanganyika becomes independent with Julius Nyerere as prime minister. (https://africanbusinessmagazine.com/region/east-africa/timeline-tanzanias-historical-events/)
- Self-reliance 1967: Nyerere issues the Arusha Declaration, which launches drive for socialist economic self-reliance. (https://africanbusinessmagazine.com/region/east-africa/timeline-tanzanias-historical-events/)
- Boycott 2009, November: Main opposition party in Zanzibar, Civic United Forum, ends five-year boycott of the island’s parliament ahead of upcoming elections. (https://africanbusinessmagazine.com/region/east-africa/timeline-tanzanias-historical-events/)
Five Places to Visit in Tanzania
- Unguja: Don’t knock us for ditching the safari parks and picking picture-perfect Unguja (the kingpin of Zanzibar) for the top spot! If only you could see just how aquamarine the waters were here (move over Cote d’Azur!), how soft the sands; how immersive those Swahili marketplaces, we’re certain you would have too. (https://www.thecrazytourist.com/15-best-places-visit-tanzania/5/)
- Mount Kilimanjaro National Park: A reserve that surely needs no introduction, the exotic reaches of the Mount Kilimanjaro National Park have been a symbol of Africa’s rich biodiversity and eye-popping backcountry since they were first inaugurated by the German colonists back in the 1920s. (https://www.thecrazytourist.com/15-best-places-visit-tanzania/5/)
- Ruaha National Park: Sprawled out over an area almost exactly the size of Wales, the Ruaha National Park has expanded and expanded over the years to become the single largest game reserve in the entire of East Africa. Today, it ranges more than 20,000 square kilometers over baobab forests, gallery woods and acacia-dotted plains. (https://www.thecrazytourist.com/15-best-places-visit-tanzania/5/)
- Ngorongoro Conservation Area: The Ngorongoro Conservation Area is nothing short of legendary on the safari circuit of East Africa. A huge dustbowl of savannah and fig tree forests, undulating hills of mud-caked plains and dramatic cliffs, it’s delineated by the colossal caldera of an ancient volcano – the largest of its kind on the planet, in fact. (https://www.thecrazytourist.com/15-best-places-visit-tanzania/5/)
- Stone Town: Okay, so historic Stone Town has already had a mention along with picture-perfect tropical Unguja, the Zanzibar island where it makes its home. But this fascinating place is worthy of a listing in its own right too. (https://www.thecrazytourist.com/15-best-places-visit-tanzania/5/)