COUNTRY FACTS

Somalia

 

Somalia-FlagQuick Facts

  • Continental region – Horn of Africa
  • Currency symbol of Somalia-US Dollar ($), Somali Shilling (Sh.so.)
  • Capital City –Mogadishu
  • Official languages – Official Languages are Somali and Arabic, English and Italian are spoken as foreign languages.
  • Population – 15.03 million (2018)
  • Country dialling code  –  (+252 )
  • Official website Somalia
  • Top 3 biggest industries  –Agriculture, Livestock Keeping, and Fishing
  • Google Maps link –Somalia
  • Where is it? –Somalia is a country is a country in Horn of Africa. Ethiopia, Djibouti, Gulf of Aden and Indian Ocean are in its West, Northwest, North and East respectively.

Somalia In Pictures

Bardera Somalia

Bardera Somalia

Berbera Somalia

Berbera Somalia

Bosaso Somalia

Bosaso Somalia

Galkayo Somalia

Galkayo Somalia

Iskushuban Somalia

Iskushuban Somalia

Jazeera Beach Somalia

Jazeera Beach Somalia

Lamadaya Somalia

Lamadaya Somalia

Lass Geel Somalia

Lass Geel Somalia

Liido Beach Somalia

Liido Beach Somalia


Somalia History

  • How did the country get its first name? – One of the most potent theories holds that Somali was derived from two words in the language of the people: soo maal, which translates into “go and milk”. The potency of the “go and milk” theory lies within the nearly one millennium of pastoralism practiced by the people.
  • When and by whom the country was first discovered? – Evidence points to Somalia being occupied for thousands of years, including by the Doian and Hargesian cultures. It was an important trade centre in the ancient world, beginning around 7BC. 
  • Who were the first Inhabitants? –  The 12th century Syrian historian Yaqut al-Hamawi wrote that it was inhabited by “Berbers”, the ancestors of the modern Somalis.
  • When it was first recognized as a country? – 1 July 1960 French Somaliland and British Somaliland unified to form the Somali Republic. 
  • Who was the first leader of the country? – Aden Abdulle Osman Daar known as Aden Adde, was a Somali politician who served as the first president of Somalia from July 1, 1960 to July 6, 1967

Five Significant Events 

  1. 1960 Drought and war : – British and Italian parts of Somalia become independent, merge and form the United Republic of Somalia; Aden Abdullah Osman Daar elected president. (https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-14094632)
  2. 1974: Somalia joins Arab League and one ear later, severe drought causes widespread starvation. (https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-14094632)
  3. 1991:- Former British protectorate of Somaliland declares unilateral independence. (https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-14094632)
  4. Puntland autonomy 2004: –August – In 14th attempt since 1991 to restore central government, a new transitional parliament inaugurated at ceremony in Kenya. In October the body elects Abdullahi Yusuf as president. (https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-14094632)
  5. Islamist advance 2006 : – June-July – Militias loyal to the Union of Islamic Courts take Mogadishu and other parts of south after defeating clan warlords. (https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-14094632)

Five Places to Visit in Somalia

  1. Hargeisa: The Atakor Plateau, situated in the Ahaggar National Park, the landscape is a red-brown dry landscaped dotted with harsh sheer peaks. (https://www.thecrazytourist.com/15-best-places-visit-somalia/5/)
  1. Lass Geel: Leading us neatly on from our last hotspot, the Laas Geel reside between the dusty ridges and hills just on the outskirts of the Somaliland capital, Hargeisa. (https://www.thecrazytourist.com/15-best-places-visit-somalia/5/)
  1. Zeila: Carrying on the Somaliland (as opposed to Somalia) theme, the town of Zeila (also known as Seylac) beckons adventurous travelers to the far-flung north-western corner of the nation, where the dry and arid land of sand dunes and rocky hills crashes into the pearly blue of the Aden Gulf. (https://www.thecrazytourist.com/15-best-places-visit-somalia/5/)
  1. Saad ad-Din Island: The first half of the fabled Zeila Archipelago to make this list is also the most visited of the six islets that lurk just a stone’s throw from the coast of Somaliland off the ancient city of Zeila. (https://www.thecrazytourist.com/15-best-places-visit-somalia/5/)
  1. Aibat Island: This Island is another part of the beautiful Zeila Archipelago.It pops up from the waters of the Indian Ocean just a couple of miles past aforementioned Sa’ad ad-Din Island, showcasing the same tropical medley of mangrove-fringed rocks and pearly-white beaches. (https://www.thecrazytourist.com/15-best-places-visit-somalia/5/)

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