- Continental region – East Africa
- Currency symbol of São Tomé and Príncipe-The dobra is the currency of São Tomé and Príncipe. It is abbreviated Db and is divided into 100 centimes.
- Capital City –Sao Tome
- Official languages – Portuguese is the official and the de facto national language of São Tomé and Príncipe, with about 98.4% speaking it, a significant share as their native language, and it has been spoken in the islands since the end of the 15th century.
- Population – 219,159
- Country dialling code – (+239 )
- Official website – Sao Tome and Principe
- Top 3 biggest industries –Light Construction; Textiles; Soap; Beer
- Google Maps link –Sao Tome and Principe
- Where is it? –Sao Tome and Principe, country of central Africa, located on the Equator in the Gulf of Guinea.
Sao Tome and Principe In Pictures
Sao Tome and Principe History
- How did the country get its first name? – São Tomé was founded by Álvaro Caminha in 1493 and the island was uninhabited before the arrival of the Portuguese sometime around 1470. Príncipe was initially named Santo Antão (“Saint Anthony”), changing its name in 1502 to Ilha do Príncipe (“Prince’s Island”), in reference to the Prince of Portugal to whom duties on the island’s sugar crop were paid.
- How did the country get its current name? The official name of the Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe came after its independence. Principe stands for Prince. Hence São Tomé e Príncipe stands for Saint Thomas and Prince.
- When and by whom the country was first discovered? The islands are believed to have been uninhabited when discovered and claimed by Portugal in the late 15th century.
- Who were the first Inhabitants? Before being ‘discovered’ and colonised by the Portuguese in the late 15th century, the islands of São Tomé and Príncipe were comprised of rainforests dense with vegetation and birdlife, but, most likely, no people (though there is a legend that present-day Angolares were really the first inhabitants of the land).
- When it was first recognized as a country? The United States recognized the Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe on July 12, 1975, when President Gerald R. Ford sent a letter to that effect to President Manuel Pinto de Costa. Sao Tome and Principe previously had been under Portuguese sovereignty.
- Who was the first leader of the country? Miguel dos Anjos da Cunha Lisboa Trovoada (born December 27, 1937) was Prime Minister (1975–1979) and President (1991–2001) of São Tomé and Príncipe.
Five Significant Events
- 16th Century Sao Tome colonised by the Portuguese: Sao Tome colonised by the Portuguese, who bring in slaves to work sugar plantations. Becomes important staging post for slave trade. (https://ghistorian.blogspot.com/2014/06/brief-history-of-sao-tome.html)
- 1800s Cocoa Introduce in Sao Tome Principe: Cocoa introduced. Sao Tome develops into one of world’s main cocoa producers. (https://www.icco.org/about-cocoa/growing-cocoa.html)
- 1974 Military coup in Portugal: Portuguese government recognises islands’ right to independence, acknowledges MLSTP as sole representative in negotiations. Unrest followed by exodus of Portuguese. (https://issuu.com/amandiolopes/docs/east_timor_the_secret_file_1973-1975)
- 1975 Independence of Island of Principe: Independence, with Manuel Pinto da Costa (MLSTP) as president; and Miguel Trovoada as prime minister. Plantations nationalised, strong ties built up with communist countries.(https://namibian.com.na/archive_pdf_19851990/1986_TheNamibian/6%20June%201986.pdf)
- 1978 Suppression of coup: Government announces suppression of coup attempt, brings in Angolan troops for support. (https://www.nytimes.com/1982/08/02/world/president-of-kenya-announces-crushing-of-attempted-coup.html)
Five Places to Visit in Sao Tome and Principe
- Sao Tome: The capital and the economic hub, the political centre and the main market place, its loaded with the likes of the Presidential palace and independence Square, marking the year that this Atlantic archipelago gain freedom from the powers of Europe. (https://jolandblog.com/sao-tome-and-principe-travel-guide/)
- Obo National Park: The Obô Natural Park of São Tomé is a natural park of São Tomé and Príncipe, covering 195 km² of the island of São Tomé. It was established in 2006. (http://www.saotomeislands.com/obopark.html)
- Santo António: Santo António, also known as Santo António do Príncipe, is the main settlement of the island of Príncipe in São Tomé and Príncipe. It lies on the north east coast. It is the capital of the Autonomous Region of Príncipe. Its population is 2,620, about 35% of the island’s population.(https://www.tripmondo.com/sao-tome-and-principe/principe/santo-antonio/)
- Santana: Santana is a town on the eastern coast of São Tomé Island, which is part of the island nation of São Tomé and Príncipe. It is the seat of Cantagalo District. (https://www.saotomechoice.com/accommodation/club-santana-sao-tome/)
- Monte Café: Monte Café is a village on São Tomé Island in the nation of São Tomé and Príncipe. Its population is 684. It lies 4.5 km west of Trindade. (https://www.tripadvisor.com/Tourism-g1898564-Monte_Cafe_Sao_Tome_Island-Vacations.html)