COUNTRY FACTS

Saint Barthelemy

 

Saint Barthélemy FlagQuick Facts

  • Continental region –North America
  • Currency symbol of Saint Barthelemy Euro
  • Capital City –Gustavia
  • Official languages –French
  • Population – 9,131 (2012)
  • Country dialling code  –  (+590 )
  • Official website Saint Barthelemy
  • Top 3 biggest industries  –Agriculture, Tourism, Light Industry, And Services
  • Google Maps link –Saint Barthelemy
  • Where is it? –Often abbreviated to St-Barth in French, and St. Barths or St. Barts in English, the island lies about 35 kilometers (22 mi) south-east of the Caribbean island Saint Martin and north-east of the Dutch islands of Saba, Sint Eustatius, and the independent country of Saint Kitts and Nevis.

Saint Barthelemy In Pictures

Church of Our Lady of the Assumption Saint Barthelemy

Church of Our Lady of the Assumption Saint Barthelemy

Colombier Beach Colombier Beach

Colombier Beach Colombier Beach

Culture of Saint Barthélemy

Culture of Saint Barthélemy

Gouverneur Beach (Anse du Gouverneur) Saint Barthelemy

Gouverneur Beach (Anse du Gouverneur) Saint Barthelemy

Gustavia Saint Barthelemy

Gustavia Saint Barthelemy

Kitesurfing at Grand Cul de Sac Beach Saint Barthelemy

Kitesurfing at Grand Cul de Sac Beach Saint Barthelemy

Lorient Saint Barthelemy

Lorient Saint Barthelemy

Saline Beach (Anse de Grande Saline) Saint Barthélemy

Saline Beach (Anse de Grande Saline) Saint Barthélemy

St. Jean Saint Barthélemy

St. Jean Saint Barthélemy


Saint Barthelemy History

  • How did the country get its first name? – The island was first called Ouanalao by Eastern Arawak and Taino people. 
  • How did the country get its current name? Barths Island. When Christopher Columbus discovered the island in 1493, it was given the name of Saint Barthélemy, named after his younger brother Bartolomeo.
  • When and by whom the country was first discovered? – The Taino and Arawak people were the first to discover the island. The first European to discover the island in 1493 was Christopher Columbus.
  • Who were the first Inhabitants? – Barth was originally inhabited by Arawak Indians; they were followed by the Caribs, who greeted Christopher Columbus when he arrived in 1493. 
  • When it was first recognized as a country? –  It has been under French control since 16 March 1878.
  • Who was the first leader of the country? – Bruno Magras, former mayor of Gustavia, was the first president of the island council of St Barthelemy.

Five Significant Events 

  1. 1493: Christopher Columbus when he arrived in 1493. He named the island for his brother Bartoloméo. (https://www.stbarth.com/our-island/about-st-barth/st-barth-history)
  2. In 1784: France traded the island to Sweden. (https://www.stbarth.com/our-island/about-st-barth/st-barth-history)
  3. In 1878: it was sold back to France, but charming reminders preserve the past in street signs and the Swedish Cemetery. (https://www.stbarth.com/our-island/about-st-barth/st-barth-history)
  4. In 2003: the population of St. Barth voted in favor of secession from Guadeloupe in order to form a separate Overseas Collectivity of France. (https://www.stbarth.com/our-island/about-st-barth/st-barth-history)
  5. In February 7, 2007: the French Parliament passed a bill granting the COM status. It took effect February 22, 2007. (https://www.stbarth.com/our-island/about-st-barth/st-barth-history)

Five Places to Visit in Saint Barthelemy

  1. Saline Beach (Anse de Grande Saline): Along the island’s southern coast, secluded Saline Beach (also known as Grand Saline) is one of St. Barts’ most beautiful stretches of sand and sea and one of the best beaches in the Caribbean. From the parking area, you walk up and over a hill to reach this protected cove, and once you emerge from the sand dunes, the water beckons in shades of turquoise, teal, and cobalt blue. The sweep of blond sand is great for sunbathing, but bring an umbrella if you want shade. When the wind is up, body surfers enjoy riding the waves here. After a morning of beach basking, you can enjoy lunch at one of the two restaurants near the parking lot. (https://www.planetware.com/tourist-attractions/st-barts-stb.htm)
  2. Gustavia: Gustavia, St. Barts’ red-roofed capital, is a small harbor town and the best place for shopping in St. Barts. Chic boutiques, duty free shops, and art galleries line the streets, luring passengers disembarking from the many cruise-ships that call here, and gourmet restaurants serve mouthwatering French-inspired cuisine. The town wraps in a U-shape around the harbor, where rustic fishing boats bob beside mega yachts. (https://www.planetware.com/tourist-attractions/st-barts-stb.htm)
  3. St. Jean: In the heart of the island, the tiny village of St. Jean is the most popular tourist area outside of Gustavia, with fabulous restaurants, shopping plazas, and boutiques. Luxury villas peek out from tropical foliage on the hillsides, and the island’s only airport lies nearby. Only small aircraft are accommodated here and only during daylight hours. Most flights servicing the island come from St. Martin/St. Maarten. (https://www.planetware.com/tourist-attractions/st-barts-stb.htm)
  4. Flamands Beach (Anse des Flamands): Flamands Beach is the island’s widest beach and also one of its prettiest. Fishermen often cast their nets here, and it’s a great beach for swimming, when the sea is calm. Surfing can also be good, when the conditions are right. Flamands is one of the few beaches on St. Barts with shade, so you don’t need to lug an umbrella down here. A couple of hotels fringe the sands here, including the luxury Cheval Blanc St.-Barth Isle de France, one of St. Barts’ most exclusive hotels. (https://www.planetware.com/tourist-attractions/st-barts-stb.htm)
  5. Gouverneur Beach (Anse du Gouverneur): On the island’s south shore, Gouverneur Beach is a secluded curve of soft white sand backed by green hills. This pretty beach is an island favorite but still seems pristine and private, and the water is typically calm and great for swimming. Unlike some of the other beaches, the parking lot lies close to the sand, although it’s quite small. Those who prefer shade should bring a beach umbrella. (https://www.planetware.com/tourist-attractions/st-barts-stb.htm)

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