COUNTRY FACTS

Puerto Rico

 

puerto-rico-flagQuick Facts

  • Continental region – North America
  • Currency symbol of Puerto Rico United States Dollar,$
  • Capital City –San Juan
  • Official languages –Spanish; English
  • Population –3.194 million (2019)
  • Country dialling code  –  (+1)
  • Official website Puerto Rico
  • Top 3 biggest industries  –Pharmaceuticals, Textiles, Petrochemicals, And Electronics
  • Google Maps link –Puerto Rico
  • Where is it? –Puerto Rico is located on the continent of North America, in between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of the Dominican Republic and west of the Virgin Islands.

Puerto Rico In Pictures

Carabali Rainforest Park Puerto Rico

Carabali Rainforest Park Puerto Rico

Culture Puerto Rico

Culture Puerto Rico

Old San Juan Puerto Rico

Old San Juan Puerto Rico

Paseo de la Princesa Puerto Rico

Paseo de la Princesa Puerto Rico

San Germán, Puerto_Rico

San Germán, Puerto_Rico

San Juan National Historic Site Puerto Rico

San Juan National Historic Site Puerto Rico

San Juan Puerto Rico

San Juan Puerto Rico

Tour a Rum Factory Puerto Rico

Tour a Rum Factory Puerto Rico

Visit the Caves Puerto Rico

Visit the Caves Puerto Rico


Puerto Rico History

  • How did the country get its first name? – The Taino people called the island Borikén, meaning “Land of the Valiant”. Many locals call the island by a derivation of that name – Borinquén. 
  • How did the country get its current name? – Christopher Columbus arrived at Puerto Rico in 1493. He originally called the island San Juan Bautista, but thanks to the gold in the river, it was soon known as Puerto Rico, or “rich port;” and the capital city took the name San Juan.
  • When and by whom the country was first discovered? – Amerindian hunters known as the Ortoiroid people are believed to be the first inhabitants, dating back to at least 1000 BC. Christopher Columbus was the first European to arrive in 1493.
  • Who were the first Inhabitants? – The first inhabitants of Puerto Rico were hunter-gatherers who reached the island more than 1,000 years before the arrival of the Spanish. Arawak Indians, who developed the Taino culture, had also settled there by 1000 CE.
  • When it was first recognized as a country? – On March 2, 1917, Wilson signed the Jones-Shafroth Act, under which Puerto Rico became a U.S. territory and Puerto Ricans were granted statutory citizenship
  • Who was the first leader of the country? – The first president was Luis A. Ferré, who served from 1967 to 1974.

Five Significant Events

  1. 1493 : Voyager Christopher Columbus claims Puerto Rico for Spain. (https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-17140808)
  2. 1917 : Jones Act grants US citizenship to Puerto Ricans. (https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-17140808)
  3. 1950 : October – President Truman signs the Puerto Rico Commonwealth Bill, paving the way for a Puerto Rican constitution. (https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-17140808)
  4. 1993 : Spanish and English declared as official languages.(https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-17140808)
  5. 2006 November : Puerto Rico adopts its first sales tax, aiming to address major budget deficits. (https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-17140808)

Five Places to Visit in Puerto Rico

  1. Tour a Rum Factory: There are several rum factories in Puerto Rico but none as famous as the Bacardí Distillery. Located in Cataño and a short ferry ride from San Juan. In 1862, Don Facundo Bacardí Massó immigrated from Spain to Cuba where he set up business as a wine merchant. Soon Don Facunudo began experimenting with distilling Rum. Through fires, earthquakes and revolution the factory, he continued to excel at the distilling of Rum. In 1960 the Cuban government confiscated all of the Bacardí company assets. (https://www.mapquest.com/travel/the-top-10-places-to-visit-in-puerto-rico/)
  2. Hit the Beach: Puerto Rico has fabulous beaches and one beach in particular, Flamenco Beach on the island of Culebra is one of the best. Flamenco Beach is consistently ranked as one of the best beaches in the world and once you visit you will understand why. The white sandy beach stretches the length of the entire mile long bay and is a great place for snorkeling, sunbathing and swimming. Located approximately 20 miles east of the main island, Flamenco Beach is regarded as the most beautiful beach in Puerto Rico and there are two ways to get there. (https://www.mapquest.com/travel/the-top-10-places-to-visit-in-puerto-rico/)
  3. The City of San Germán: Founded in 1512 San Germán is Puerto Rico’s second oldest city. Located on the western side of the island, San Germán has over 200 historic Spanish Colonial buildings and quaint cobblestone streets. Named after the second wife of King Ferdinand, San Germán is a great place to get away from the tourists and enjoy the Puerto Rican culture and people. (https://www.mapquest.com/travel/the-top-10-places-to-visit-in-puerto-rico/)
  4. Visit the Caves: Puerto Rico has numerous natural wonders, some of which are the awe inspiring caves. Camuy River Cave Park is billed as the third largest cave system in the world and the Rio Camuy River runs through it. Located in a 268 acre park, the caves start with a trolley ride down the mountain to the entrance where you will walk through the caves. (https://www.mapquest.com/travel/the-top-10-places-to-visit-in-puerto-rico/)
  5. Old San Juan: While Old San Juan attracts visitors to the impressive castles and fortifications it also offers a unique glimpse into the way things were in times past. While driving is permitted in most areas it is advisable to travel by foot since the roads are extremely narrow and hazardous to those not used to driving there. Probably the biggest tourist attraction in Puerto Rico, Old San Juan is frequented daily by visitors to the island and passengers of cruise ships which stop at the island. (https://www.mapquest.com/travel/the-top-10-places-to-visit-in-puerto-rico/)

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