- Continental region – South East Cost Of African
- Currency symbol of Mauritius-The Mauritian rupee is the currency of Mauritius. One rupee is subdivided into 100 cents. Several other currencies are also called rupee
- Capital City –Port Louis
- Official languages – Language in Mauritius. The two official languages of Mauritius are English and French (with French being the most dominant). The most commonly used languages on the street are Creole (pidgin French with other languages added to the mix), Hindi and Bhojpuri. Urdu and Chinese are also spoken
- Population – 1.26 million (2019)
- Country dialling code – (+230 )
- Official website – Mauritius
- Top 3 biggest industries –Agriculture, Export, Financial Services And Tourism
- Google Maps link –Mauritius
- Where is it? –Mauritius island is located in the south west part of the Indian ocean, about about 2,000 km off the south-east coast of the Africa
Mauritius In Pictures
- How did the country get its first name? – A map produced by the Italian cartographer Alberto Cantino in 1502 gives the island the name Dina Arobi. This name was likely shared with him by the Arabs.
- How did the country get its current name? After landing at Grand Port, Admiral Wybrand van Warwyck named the island Mauritius after Prince Maurice van Nassau, stadholder of the Dutch Republic.
- When and by whom the country was first discovered? – The Arabs were likely aware of the island since the 10th century, but it was uninhabited when the Portuguese arrived in the 16th century.
- Who were the first Inhabitants? – The island was allegedly uninhabited when the Dutch arrived to create their first permanent base on the island in 1638.
When it was first recognized as a country? -Mauritius became independent 12 March 1968.
- Who was the first leader of the country? – Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam was the first Prime Minister.
Five Significant Events
- A Chronology of Key Events in Mauritius 10th century – Phoenicians, Malays, Swahili and Arab seamen visit island but do not settle. Island named Dina Robin by Arab mariners.
- 1498 – Portuguese explorers stumble upon Mauritius in the wake of Vasco da Gama’s voyage around the Cape of Good Hope.
- 1510 – Portuguese navigator Pedro Macarenas visits the island and names it Cirné. It is used as a port of call, but the Portuguese do not establish a permanent settlement.
- 1598 – Dutch claim the uninhabited island and rename it after their head of state, Maurice, Prince of Orange and Count of Nassau.
- 1638-58– Dutch settlement begins, but colony soon fails.
Five Places to Visit in Mauritius
- Charamel Rainbow: A popular tourist place, Chamarel, is a small area of strikingly bare landscape comprising of sand of seven distinct colours. The multi-coloured land is a natural phenomenon and one of the best things to do in Mauritius for it provides a glimpse into one of the amazing geological wonders of the world. A great place for photo-ops, this place also sees lots of visitors who come here for a day picnic. (https://mauritiusattractions.com/chamarel-colored-earth-i-104.html)
- Port Louis: A booming city, with plenty of historical and cultural sights, charming restaurants and markets, the capital of Mauritius is one of the places you shouldn’t miss when you get to this part of the world. Port Louis, as the name suggests, hosts a variety of elegant yachts and cruise ships, being used by the French in the 1700s for various commercial purposes. Today, the picturesque city at the foot of the Moka Mountain Range is the second largest financial district in Africa (the first being Johannesburg) and is populated by approximately 145,000 inhabitants. Among the most important tourist attractions in the city are the Natural History Museum, Le Cauden Waterfront and the Pamplemousses Botanical Gardens. (https://www.mymauritius.travel/places-to-go/port-louis-capital-city-mauritius)
- The Black River Gorge Natural Park: Spread over an area of over 6,000 hectares, the Black River Gorge Natural Park is the ideal place to discover the native forests and wildlife of this fascinating island. The park is home to over 300 species of multi-coloured plants, the famous endangered pink pigeons, huge fruit bats and more. It is a spectacular land for which the authorities make huge efforts to preserve it as much as possible. Wrap yourself up with good hiking boots and expect to discover wonderful panoramic views of the island, many keys, picturesque mountain peaks and stunning waterfalls! (https://www.lonelyplanet.com/mauritius/central-mauritius/black-river-gorges-national-park)
- Le Morne: Le Morne Brabant, located in the south of the island, is a little inhabited place, where there are, for the most part, hotels, which travellers visit to see the fascinating mountain of Le Morne. Included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site, Le Morne encapsulates an important part of this nation’s history. In the past, the mountain would be the place where slaves hid themselves from their masters. Today, it is considered a symbol of the universal ideals of individual freedom and resistance to oppression, but also a natural tourist attraction of exquisite beauty, which offers splendid views over the west and south coast of the island. (https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1259/)
- Ile Aux Deer: Located off the east coast of Mauritius, Iles Aux is famous for its spectacular beaches with white sand, palm trees and waters of all shades of blue. So if you go to Mauritius to visit its most beautiful beaches, this is the best place for you! Here, not only will you be able to relax on a sun lounger under the sun, but you will also have the opportunity to do parasailing, snorkelling and many other fun water activities. (https://www.tripadvisor.com/ShowUserReviews-g293816-d477276-r466207338-Ile_aux_Cerfs-Mauritius.html)