COUNTRY FACTS

Mali

 

mali-flagQuick Facts

  • Continental region – West Africa
  • Currency symbol of Mali –The West African CFA franc is the currency of eight independent states in West Africa: Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Niger, Senegal and Togo. These eight countries had a combined population of 105.7 million people in 2014, and a combined GDP of US$128.6 billion
  • Capital City – Bambko
  • Official languages – French
  • Population – 20,250,833 (2020)
  • Country dialling code  –  (+ 223)
  • Official website Mali
  • Top 3 biggest industries  – E processing of farm commodities, construction, and the manufacture of basic consumer goods
  • Google Maps link – Mali
  • Where is it? –Mali, officially the Republic of Mali is a landlocked country in West Africa. Mali is the eighth-largest country in Africa, with an area of just over 1,240,000 square kilometers.

Mali In Pictures

bambko Mali

bambko Mali

Boucle du Baoulé National Park Mali

Boucle du Baoulé National Park Mali

Cathedral of Bamako Mali

Cathedral of Bamako Mali

Diamwari Festival Mali

Diamwari Festival Mali

Grand Mosque of Djenné Mali

Grand Mosque of Djenné Mali

National Museum of Mali

National Museum of Mali

National Park of Mali

National Park of Mali

Niger River Mali

Niger River Mali

Tomb of Askia Mali

Tomb of Askia Mali


Mali History

  • How did the country get its first name? – The name Mali is taken from the name of the Mali Empire. The name means “the place where the king lives” and carries a connotation of strength. 
  • When and by whom the country was first discovered? – The area has been occupied since at least 5000 BC and has been part of the Songhai and Mali empires. 
  • Who were the first Inhabitants? – Rock paintings and carvings indicate that northern Mali has been inhabited since prehistoric times when the Sahara was fertile grassland. Farming took place by 5000 BC and iron was used around 500 BC. Large settlements began to develop in 300 A.D., including Djenne.
  • When it was first recognized as a country? – The Republic of Mali gained independence 22 September 1960.
  • Who was the first leader of the country? – Modibo Keita was the first President of Mali.

Five Significant Events 

  1. 1958-11-24: Mali becomes an autonomous state within French Community
  2.  1959-04-04: Mali Federation founded, consisting of Senegal & French Sudan
  3. 1960-06-20: Federation of Mali and Senegal become independent of France
  4. 1960-08-20: Senegal breaks from Mali federation, declaring independence

Five Places to Visit in Mali

  1. Grand Mosque of Djenné: No adobe or mud-brick building on earth is larger or more impressive than Djenné’s Grand Mosque, whose current structure was erected in 1907. (http://www.bbc.com/travel/story/20190801-the-massive-mosque-built-once-a-year
  2. Boucle du Baoulé National Park: The prehistoric tombs and rock art situated throughout Mali’s oldest national park are just as impressive as the giraffes, elephants, leopards, and lions who roam. (https://www.nationalparks.africa/listing/boucle-du-baoule-national-park/)
  3. National Museum of Mali: Mali’s national museum first opened in 1953 in Bamako, ranks among the best in West Africa. (https://archnet.org/sites/209
  4. National Park of Mali: The Aga Khan Foundation financed the National Park of Mali in the heart of bustling Bamako. His Highness Aga Khan designed this sprawling and serene park which includes a traditional medicine garden, tea house, playground, and two restaurants. Park visitors can work out at the fully-equipped gym, jog along gravel paths or simply watch the world go by while nibbling on croissants. (https://www.akdn.org/where-we-work/west-africa/mali/cultural-development/bamako-national-park-mali
  5. Tomb of Askia: Emperor Askia Mohammad I first built this pyramid shaped tomb for himself during the late 15th century. The tomb, its cemetery, assembly ground, and two surrounding mosques were all constructed in the West African Sahel mud-building tradition. The nearly 56-foot tall building containing Askia Mohammed’s body and its Islamic architectural style has inspired countless others throughout the area. The mosque was modernized with electricity, lights, a loudspeaker, and ceiling fans in the early 2000’s, but its historical essence still remains. (https://www.atlasobscura.com/places/tomb-of-askia

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