- Continental region – north-central Africa
- Currency symbol of Chad –north-central Africa, FCFA
- Capital City –N’Djamena
- Official languages – French and Arabic
- Population – 16,545,547 (2020)
- Country dialling code – (+235 )
- Official website – Chad
- Top 3 biggest industries –Agriculture, Manufacturing, Oil
- Google Maps link –Chad
- Where is it? –Chad is bounded on the north by Libya, on the east by Sudan, on the south by the Central African Republic, and on the west by Cameroon, Nigeria, and Niger.
Chad In Pictures
- How did the country get its first name? –The name Chad is derived the from designation of the great Lake Chad (originally called Kuri) by the sixteenth century author and imam Ibn Fortu.The name Chad is derived from the Kanuri word “Sádǝ” meaning “large expanse of water”.
- When and by whom the country was first discovered? -The area around Lake Chad has been inhabited since at least 500 B.C. In the 8th century A.D., Berbers began migrating to the area. Islam arrived in 1085, and by the 16th century a trio of rival kingdoms flourished: the Kanem-Bornu, Baguirmi, and Ouaddaï.
- Who were the first Inhabitants? – The Sao people are one of the earliest known groups to have lived in Chad, however over 100 languages from 200 different ethnic groups are believed to have lived in this area at various points throughout history.
- When it was first recognized as a country? –On 12 July 1960 France agreed to Chad becoming fully independent. On 11 August 1960, Chad became an independent country.
- Who was the first leader of the country? – The PPT’s leader, François Tombalbaye, an ethnic Sara, as its first president.
Five Significant Events
- 1913 Chad a colony of French: French conquest of Chad completed; Chad becomes a colony within French Equatorial Africa. (https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-13164690)
- 1969 Proclaim of Independence: Central African Republic & Chad proclaim independence from France. (https://www.onthisday.com/countries/chad)
- 1968 Union of Central African: Chad creates union of central African state.(https://www.timetoast.com/timelines/important-events-in-chad)
- 1980 Queddei troops conquers Chad: Premier Queddei troops conquers Chad capital N’djamena.(https://www.brainyhistory.com/topics/c/chad.html)
- 2002 Peace Deal: Government and Movement for Democracy and Justice in Chad (MDJT) rebels sign Libyan-brokered peace deal intended to end three-year civil war.(https://www.hrw.org/news/2002/04/01/justice-comes-chad)
Five Places to Visit in Chad
- N’Djamena: Despite the modern appearance of some buildings, there are many mud-brick structures that will remind you that you are still in one of the world’s poorest countries. The nightlife here is truly amazing and the lively bars have to be powered by hundreds of generators that reinforce the national grid.(https://afrotourism.com/city/ndjamena/)
- Sarh: It is located on the Chari River, roughly 350 miles away from the capital city of N’Djamena. The climate here is warm with a wet season which makes it perfect for cotton production; the city’s main export. (https://www.tripadvisor.com/Tourism-g480169-Sarh_Moyen_Chari_Region-Vacations.html)
- Faya-Largeau: The heat here is immense and temperatures rise above 40 degrees Celsius and regularly exceed this until October. The annual rainfall in the city is about half an inch. The reason to visit here is the nearby rugged terrain of the Sahara desert. (http://trip-suggest.com/chad/borkou-region/faya-largeau/
- Zakouma National Park: It is regarded as one of the last places in Central Africa that is truly a refuge for wildlife and it is considered to be one of the most successful conservation efforts in the area. The park is teeming with rare and diverse species of mammals and birds. (https://www.africanparks.org/the-parks/zakouma)
- Am Timan: The city is very poor and underdeveloped but is known for hosting the biggest and most vibrant markets in the county as well as incredible holiday celebrations. (https://www.tripadvisor.co.uk/Tourism-g734642-Am_Timan_Salamat_Region-Vacations.html)