COUNTRY FACTS

Cameroon

 

cameroon-flagQuick Facts

  • Continental region –Cameroon is situated between West Africa and Central Africa
  • Currency symbol of Cameroon  –CFA Franc is the official and symbol is FCFA
  • Capital City – Yaoundé
  • Official languages –French and English are the official languages of Cameroon. 
  • Population – 26,713,033, (2020)
  • Country dialling code  –  (+237)
  • Official website Cameroon
  • Top 3 biggest industries  –Agriculture, Manufacturing, Finance and Trade.
  • Google Maps link – Cameroon
  • Where is it? –Cameroon is triangular in shape and is bordered by Nigeria to the northwest, Chad to the northeast, the Central African Republic to the east, the Republic of the Congo to the southeast, Gabon and Equatorial Guinea to the south, and the Atlantic Ocean to the southwest.

Cameroon In Pictures

arts and crafts

arts and crafts

Dutch bulls and cows at Wallya

Dutch bulls and cows at Wallya

Eglise notre de victoire de New bell

Eglise notre de victoire de New bell

Foumban Royal Palace & Museum

Foumban Royal Palace & Museum

Kribi Lighthouse

Kribi Lighthouse

Reunification Monument and Statue

Reunification Monument and Statue

Temple du Centeneire

Temple du Centeneire

Volcanic plugs dot the landscape

Volcanic plugs dot the landscape

Waza National Park

Waza National Park


Cameroon History

  • How did the country get its current name? -The country’s name is taken from the Anglicized form of the former name of the River Wouri, which was called by the Portuguese Rio dos Camarões “river of prawns” (16c.) for the abundance of these they found in its broad estuary.
  • When and by whom the country was first discovered? – The area has seen habitation since the Neolithic Era, and seen migrations from most areas on the African continent. In 1472 the Portuguese explorer Fernão do Pó was the first European to view the Cameroon coast. 
  • Who were the first Inhabitants? -The earliest inhabitants of Cameroon were probably the Baka (Pygmies). They still inhabit the forests of the south and east provinces. Bantu speakers originating in the Cameroonian highlands were among the first groups to move out before other invaders.
  • When was it first recognized as a country? – On 24 October 1958, the Legislative Assembly of French Cameroon solemnly proclaimed the desire of Cameroonians to see their country accede full independence on 1 January 1960.
  • Who was the first leader of the country? -On January 1, 1960, independence was granted. In elections held soon after independence, Ahmadou Ahidjo was elected the first president of the Republic of Cameroon.

Five significant events 

  1. 1915 Conquerthe colony of Cameroon: British/French troops conquer German colony of Cameroon. (https://www.onthisday.com/countries/cameroon)
  2. 1919 Dividing of Cameroon: London Declaration divides Cameroon into French (80%) and British administrative zones (20%). The British zone is divided into Northern and Southern Cameroons. (https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-13148483)
  3. 1960 Independence of Cameroon: Cameroon (French Cameroon) gains independence from France. (https://www.onthisday.com/countries/cameroon)
  4. 1884 Germany invaded: In 1884, Germany invaded Cameroon during the so-called “Scramble for Africa,” the period of imperialism that saw European countries dominate most of the continent. (https://www.thoughtco.com/brief-history-of-cameroon-43616)
  5. 1972 Renaming of Cameroon:  Cameroon becomes a unitary state following a national referendum and is renamed the United Republic of Cameroon.(http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?ParagraphID=pau)

Five Places to Visit in Cameroon

  1. Yaounde: The city is immaculately planned to be spread over seven hills meaning that the numerous buildings in the city are separated by stretches of lush green and rising terrain.(https://www.tripadvisor.com/Tourism-g293773-Yaounde_Centre_Region-Vacations.html)
  2. Maroua: Nowhere near as lush and green, Maroua still has an appeal of its own. The streets are remarkably red, sandy and dusty and the buildings are a dull beige colour but the colours of the locals clothing brings plenty of colour to the city. (https://www.tripadvisor.com/Tourism-g293772-Cameroon-Vacations.html)
  3. Limbe: Occupying the slopes of Mount Cameroon, an active volcanic mountain, Limbe is a city that acts as a great base for travellers who are looking to explore the beauty of the area. The botanical gardens in the city are a great place to learn about the nature and plants in the area before exploring the nearby waterfalls and national park. (https://discover-cameroon.com/en/limbe/)
  4. Douala: Douala has a reputation for being a bit grimey and insalubrious but this should not put you off visiting. This is the major city in Cameroon in most aspects; the airport is the biggest in the country, as is the port and the business centre here is the main one in the country.(https://www.tripadvisor.com/Tourism-g297392-Douala_Littoral_Region-Vacations.html)
  5. Waza National Park: About 180 miles to the north of Maroua is Waza National Park. This park looks very different during the four seasons but is always a good place to witness some of the country’s most spectacular wildlife including elephants, giraffes and hyenas. (https://national-parks.org/cameroon/waza)

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