COUNTRY FACTS

Cabo Verde

 

Cabo VerdeQuick Facts

  • Continental region –The Cape Verde archipelago is in the Atlantic Ocean, approximately 570 kilometres (350 mi) off the western coast of the African continent
  • Currency symbol of Cabo Verde  –The Cape Verdean Escudo is the currency of Cape Verde and currency symbol is $.
  • Capital City – The capital of Cape Verde is Praia.
  • Official languages –Cape Verde Portuguese is used in all government communication, as well as in the drafting of all official documents
  • Population – 557,554 (2020)
  • Country dialling code  –  (+238)
  • Official website Cabo Verde
  • Top 3 biggest industries  –Tourism, manufacturing, Agriculture
  • Google Maps link –Cabo Verde
  • Where is it? –Cabo Verde, also called Cape Verde, countrycomprising a group of islands that lie 385 miles (620 km) off the west coast of Africa. Praia, on Santiago, is the capital

Cabo Verde In Pictures

A group playing Morna

A group playing Morna

A resort in Sal

A resort in Sal

Aeroporto-Internacional-Aristides-Pereira-Terminal

Aeroporto-Internacional-Aristides-Pereira-Terminal

Beach in Santa Maria

Beach in Santa Maria

Farol de D. Maria Pia

Farol de D. Maria Pia

Fortaleza Real de San Felipe

Fortaleza Real de San Felipe

Handicraft made with coconut shells

Handicraft made with coconut shells

Monumento de Diogo Gomes

Monumento de Diogo Gomes

Palmeira

Palmeira


Cabo Verde History

  • How did the country get its current name? – Portuguese explorers came upon the peninsula now called Cap-Vert, the westernmost peninsula in Africa and a Sengalese port, in 1444; they christened it Cabo Verde, which means “green cape.” They then used the same name for the islands to the west, which became the country of Cabo Verde.
  • When and by whom the country was first discovered? – The archipelago was reportedly uninhabited when Cabo Vervde became the first European to discover the landfor the Portuguese in 1456.
  • Who were the first Inhabitants? -Cabo Verde’s population of 525,000 (2015 census) are descendants from the first permanent inhabitants in the late 15th-century: Portuguese colonists, West African slaves, and some Italian traders. 
  • When it was first recognized as a country? – The Republic of Cape Verde became independent 5 July 1975. Cape Verde previously had been under Portuguese sovereignty.
  • Who was the first leader of the country? – Aristides Pereira, the PAIGC secretary-general, and Pedro Pires, a military commander, became the first president and prime minister, respectively.

Five significant events

  1. 1495 Cabo Verdeto Portuguese colony: Cape Verde becomes a Portuguese crown colony.(https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-13150037)
  2. 1960:War against Portuguese: PAIGC-led liberation war begins against Portuguese rule in Guinea-Bissau, with many Cape Verdeans joining in.
  3. 1975 Independence: Cape Verde becomes independent and adopts constitution envisaging unity with Guinea-Bissau.
  4. 2007 WTO council approve accession: World Trade Organization (WTO) council approves Cape Verde’s accession to the organisation.
  5. 1992 New Constitution: A new constitution brings in a multi-party system.

Five Places to Visit in Cabo Verde

  1. Fogo: Fogo, meaning fire, is the most prominent of all of the Cape Verde islands with a maximum altitude of 2,900 metres above sea level. The volcano Pico de Fogo is the main attraction here and can be climbed in around six hours, using the nearby town Cha de Caldeiras as a starting point. (https://cvhustle.com/island-fogo-cabo-verde/)
  2. Sal: The island of Sal is known as Cape Verde’s sunniest island. As you approach the island in your plane, you will find it hard to believe that you are about to land on such an unspoiled golden gem. (https://www.capeverde.com/islands/sal/)
  3. Palmeira: Palmeira is a busy harbour town responsible for many of Cape Verde’s imports and exports. There is plenty to attract tourists to the town including many restaurants, lively bars and beautiful architecture. (https://www.tripadvisor.com/Tourism-g8564586-Palmeira_Ilha_do_Sal-Vacations.html)
  4. Santa Maria: Santa Maria is a lively and developed city. The hotels in the city are of the highest standard and will comfortably meet, if not surpass, the expectations of travellers from Europe and North America. (https://www.lobstar.site/)
  5. Praia: Praia is situated on the fertile island of Santiago and is the capital city of Cape Verde. The city, like many capitals, is the economic and political home of Cape Verde. The town is not as focused on tourism as many destinations in Cape Verde but it does have plenty to explore nonetheless. (https://www.lonelyplanet.com/cabo-verde/praia)

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